Why Do Albinos Have Red Eyes?

Albinism keeps the body from making enough of a chemical called melanin, which gives eyes, skin, and hair their color.

Most people with ocular albinism have blue eyes.

But the blood vessels inside can show through the colored part (the iris), and the eyes can look pink or red.

Can albinism cause red eyes?

A common myth is that people with albinism have red eyes. Although lighting conditions can allow the blood vessels at the back of the eye to be seen, which can cause the eyes to look reddish or violet, most people with albinism have blue eyes, and some have hazel or brown eyes.

Why do albinos have vision problems?

Individuals with albinism do not have clear vision due to an underdevelopment of the central part of the retina called the macula. The macula is responsible for sharp, detail vision which works most well in bright light. The retina is very pale because of the lack of pigment.

What causes albino?

What causes albinism? A defect in one of several genes that produce or distribute melanin causes albinism. The defect may result in the absence of melanin production, or a reduced amount of melanin production. The defective gene passes down from both parents to the child and leads to albinism.

How does albinism affect the eyes?

Ocular albinism is a genetic condition that primarily affects the eyes. This condition reduces the coloring (pigmentation) of the iris, which is the colored part of the eye, and the retina, which is the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. Pigmentation in the eye is essential for normal vision.